How to Decide Between Access Control Types

Burglary at business places is common. And so are security breaches at offices. This is why offices install access control systems to prevent unauthorized access into their confidential spaces.

Business owners employ security managers who decide the levels of security the office needs. Then, they frame the security policy and chalk out the plan to implement it. Security experts from a licensed commercial locksmith company can be brought in to install the access control system. 

But before the installation, you must decide what types of access control your office needs.

Significance of the type of access control in work areas

The type of access control decides whom you grant permission to use only a certain facility or area and grants them the key or code to access it. Here, the access is restricted for that person only to that area. Likewise, only those persons having the code can access that workstation.

Types of access control

Access control is of 4 types

Discretionary Access Control 

In the Discretionary Access Control System, the company owner decides how many people should have access to a specific work area. This is compiled as a list of authorized users. This is called the access light to that entry point.

When a person punches a code, swipes a card, or scans his fingerprint, the access control system compares these user credentials to those in this list. If they match, it grants access. Otherwise, it denies access. This user access may be physical access or digital access.

The advantage of the Discretionary Access Control System is it is the easiest and most flexible to use. The disadvantage of this system is the complete control by the owner. There are high chances of the owner granting access to an undeserving candidate. The permissions growth to the user may be inherited by other programs causing malware attacks. 

Mandatory Access Control 

Mandatory Access Control is the most restrictive form of access control. This system grants access only to owners and authorized people. The access rights are controlled by the system or security administrator. These rights cannot be changed without his permission. 

Unlike the Discretionary Access System, this system has no access list. Instead, the system segregates the work areas and grant permissions to selected people accordingly. So, if 100 employees work in your office, you must create 100 user permissions

While the advantage of this system is strict control, the disadvantage is that each time the administrator needs to change the permissions, he has to reprogram the access control lists for all work areas.

Role-based Access Control

Here, access is granted based on the role or job title. So, if there are 5 managers, 2 accountants, and 50 salesmen, you need not create 500 user permissions. You can create just 3, based on one for each role. This system is best as whenever a person is promoted to that role, he gets its access rights.

Role-based Access Control is the most popular form of access control these days.

Rule-based Access Control

In Rule-based Access Control, access is granted or denied based on a set of rules framed by the administrator.

If the administrator sets a rule to close the office at 6 pm, none, including the managers, can stay in after this time of day.

For changing the permissions, you must change the rules. 

Deciding which is the right access control to use for your office.

The level of security you need for your office decides the type of access control it should possess. For offices with high-security needs, it is better to go for mandatory access control with multifactor authentication. For others, you can even have a mix of 2 types.

After deciding this, call a security expert and choose the devices needed. These may include biometric readers, access card readers, security cameras, video surveillance equipment, etc. Decide whom you want to give access permissions to staff, visitors, regular users, etc.

Access control systems are a basic requirement for modern businesses. Implement one today. Contact Charlotte commercial locksmiths like Mr. Lock LLC.  They will cost-effectively install these protective attributes ensuring the highest level of security for you. Call (704) 839 0047 for commercial locksmith specialists in Charlotte and surrounding areas.Catego

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